There are various offenses against the right to privacy. Such violations of the law usually involve the use of some type of electronic monitoring or surveillance device. In violating a person’s right to privacy, a person is committing a criminal act. The United States Supreme Court has found that the United States Constitution implicitly protects us from the government’s unwarranted intrusions into our privacy. This protection also extends to individuals violating that right.
Criminal acts related to offenses against right to privacy include eavesdropping, tampering with private communications, and unlawful surveillance. There are a dozen charges and degrees of such charges under Article 250 New York Penal Law.
Eavesdropping is the unlawful use of electronic devices to monitor and record a person’s private conversations. Additionally, it is unlawful to be in possession of eavesdropping devices and if a telephone or telegraph company is aware of illegal wiretapping, it is against the law for them to not report such actions. Unlawfully obtaining communication information is also a crime, as is failure to report criminal communications.