The Sanders Firm, P.C. in New York City is the premiere law practice in the areas of civil rights and discrimination. The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which was adopted July 9, 1868, focuses on equal protection of the laws and rights of citizens. This amendment was adopted in order to reverse Black Codes, which were laws passed by various southern states that negated the rights of blacks. In essence, it disallowed individual states from countermanding rights granted by the Constitution.