The Sanders Firm, P.C.: Equal Protection of the Laws
At The Sanders Firm, P.C. in New York we take on civil rights cases dealing with “equal protection” cases. You may have heard the phrase “equal protection under the law,” which comes from the Fourteenth Amendment. That amendment to the United States Constitution offers “equal protection of the laws.” The Equal Protection Clause of this amendment offers every citizen of the United States the same rights as far as the law is concerned. There are no exceptions. Each citizen is seen as being equal.
History of the 14th Amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment was enacted in reaction to the Black Codes that were created by the Southern states after the Civil War In 1865, when the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 gave Blacks in the United States the same rights as Whites. However, various states used their rights to create laws, Black Codes, which would curtail these rights.
The Fourteenth Amendment was created in a manner that it limited the power of individual states when it came to equal rights. The rights of individuals were created with the United States Constitution and its Amendments. No state could supersede the United States Constitution. As far as civil rights are concerned, the Fourteenth Amendment is one of the most important laws in our nation.
Equal Protection Clause
The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment states the following:
“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
This clause clearly makes the point that states can in no way undermine the laws as defined by the Constitution of the United States.
Equal Protection Content
In the following pages focusing on equal protection, The Sanders Firm, P.C. will consider the following areas of the law:
• Suspect Classes
• Non-Suspect Classes
• Discriminatory Action
• Burden on Fundamental Rights
• Discriminatory Intent
• Supervisor or Entity Liability
We will treat each of these subjects separately, offering insights, information, and basic guidance. Utilize these pages for informational purposes. If you have questions or concerns regarding your specific situation, it is important to seek advice from a qualified civil rights attorney.
Need More Information
We at New York City’s The Sanders Firm, P.C. are ready to serve you if you feel your rights under equal protection have been violated. Call us. The Sanders Firm, P.C. is your voice for justice when it comes to equal protection of the laws.